دانلود Individual Sacrifice and the Greatest Happiness: Bentham on Utility and Rights

ترجمه فارسی Individual Sacrifice and the Greatest Happiness: Bentham on Utility and Rights
قیمت : 375,000 ریال
شناسه محصول : 2009571
نویسنده/ناشر/نام مجله : Utilitas
سال انتشار: 1998
تعداد صفحات انگليسي : 16
نوع فایل های ضمیمه : Pdf+Word
حجم فایل : 1 Mb
کلمه عبور همه فایلها : www.daneshgahi.com
عنوان انگليسي : Individual Sacrifice and the Greatest Happiness: Bentham on Utility and Rights

چکیده

Abstract

This article considers Bentham's response to the criticism of utilitarianism that it allows for and may even require the sacrifice of some members of society in order to increase overall happiness. It begins with the contrast between the principle of utility and the contrasting principle of sympathy and antipathy to show that Bentham regarded the main achievement of his principle as overcoming the subjectivity he found in all other philosophical theories. This subjectivism, especially prevalent in theories of rights, might well lead to the sacrifice of the individual. The principle of utility was presented as an ‘objective’ theory that avoided the difficulties of other moral and political theories. The article also considers the importance of universally applicable ends, such as security and equality, as part of the principle of utility, and especially Bentham's view of maximizing pleasure as being a distributive rather than an aggregative idea. The article concludes by criticizing H. L. A. Hart's interpretation of the role of equality and rights in Bentham and John Stuart Mill, and argues that Mill's doctrine of moral rights builds on foundations originally established by Bentham, foundations which would preclude the sacrifice of individuals.

Keywords: Utility
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