دانلود Modeling the Role of Social Networks in Situational Awareness and Hazard Communication

مقاله Modeling the Role of Social Networks in Situational Awareness and Hazard Communication
قیمت : 230,000 ریال
شناسه محصول : 2009002
نویسنده/ناشر/نام مجله : Construction Research Congress
سال انتشار: 2014
تعداد صفحات انگليسي : 10
نوع فایل های ضمیمه : pdf+word
حجم فایل : 235 Kb
کلمه عبور همه فایلها : www.daneshgahi.com
عنوان انگليسي : Modeling the Role of Social Networks in Situational Awareness and Hazard Communication

چکیده

Abstract

Hazard recognition and communication is critical for preventing injuries on construction projects.  Across  the  industry,  employers  encourage  workers  to  conduct  regular  pre-job  safety  meetings and hazard analyses to identify, communicate, and mitigate site-based hazards. Although  such  programs  promote  safety,  potential  benefits  are  often  lost  because  of  inefficient communication  channels,  differences  in  language  proficiency,  and  poor  safety  culture.  In  this study,  we  use  social  network  analysis  (SNA)  to  explore  the  relationship  between  patterns  of  worker  interaction  and  situational  hazard  awareness  on  active  projects  in  the  United  States.  Specifically,  we  (1)  gathered  hazard  recognition  and  communication  level  data  from  18  active construction  crews  involved  in  diverse  projects  and  trades  through  field  observations;  (2) measured  and  modeled  safety  interaction  among  crew  members  using  social  network  analysis, and  (3)  related  network  characteristics  with  situational  awareness  capability  of  the  crews.  The results  of  the  study  provide  strong  evidence  suggesting  that  well-connected  crews  with  higher network density outperform poorly-connected crews in identifying and communicating hazards.  As  a  result,  it  is  necessary  that  safety  practitioners  not  only  implement  traditional  program elements but also promote efficient and frequent interaction among workers of all trades.

Keywords: preventing injuries construction projects

Skip Navigation Links